Who doesn‘t know about the city of Jakarta? This capital city of Indonesia is that the busiest city inside the country. The city is used like the capital of country since long until the independence of Indonesia. Hundred years back, once the Dutch was colonializing the nation, they used Jakarta like the capital also. Only, the name wasn‘t Jakarta. It was eventually Batavia.
To the governmental purpose, the Dutch indeed built several buildings in Batavia as their workplaces and basecamps. After Indonesia declared their very own independence, those buildings were abandoned. But up until today, some buildings remain standing strong. It becomes unique like the architecture style was very European which is extremely different when compared with local Indonesian architecture.
Those Dutch buildings aren‘t everywhere in Jakarta. There‘s a small region in Jakarta that was the middle of Dutch base offices. That region is now famous from the name Kota Tua Jakarta or Batavia Lama or Oud Batavia. Kota Tua Jakarta is stuffed with the buildings remnants from Dutch government throughout the colonialism era. Most buildings happen to be restored and in fact now it became a tourism destination rich in historical value.
How you can Get There
Coming to Jakarta is extremely easy. There will be two airports that accommodate flights from many places ; Soekarno Hatta International Airport and HalimPerdana Kusuma Airport. Train stations and bus terminals can also be found at many regions in Jakarta to really make it easy that you can derive from other towns in Indonesia. Trains and buses can be found from economy, business, to executive class.
If you‘re already in Jakarta, then you ought to get a public transportation to visit Kota Tua Jakarta. Here will be the choices of public transportation :
- KRL Jabodetabek to Jakarta Kota Station
- Trans Jakarta public bus from Blok M (koridor 1 )
- Kopaja B 86 public bus using the route of Lebak Bulus
- Mikrolet M08 to Tanah Abang (via Glodok – Hayam Wuruk – Cideng )
- Mikrolet M12 to Senen (via Glodok – Hayam Wuruk – Sawah Besar – Pasar Baru – Gunung Sahari )
- Mikrolet M15 to Tanjung Priok (via Kampung Bandan – Lodan Raya – Martadinata )
- Mikrolet M25 to Grogol (via Jembatan Tiga – Jembatan Dua – Bandengan – Gedong Panjang )
- Mikrolet M39 to Pademangan (via Mangga Dua – Gunung Sahari )
- Mikrolet M43 to Grogol (via Tubagus Angke – Duri )
- Mikrolet M53 to Pulo Gadung (via Mangga Dua – Gunung Sahari – Kemayoran – Cempaka Putih )
- KWK B02 to Warung Gantung
- KWK B06 to Kamal
- KWK U10 to Pademangan-Muara Angke
- Mayasari Bakti AC27 Patas Bus to Bekasi (via Mangga Dua – Kemayoran – Cempaka Putih – Tol Jatibening – Tol Barat )
- Mayasari Bakti AC27 Patas Bus to Bekasi (via Mangga Dua – Kemayoran – Cempaka Putih – Tol Jatibening – Tol Timur )
- Mayasari Bakti AC33 Patas Bus to Poris Plawad (via Roxy – Grogol – Tol Kb. Jeruk – Tol Karawaci – Cikokol )
- APTB 04 to Ciputat (via Koridor 1 – Blok M – Panglima Polim – Radio Dalam – Margaguna – Pondok Indah – Lebak Bulus )
You may also get there through the use of private car. Though it‘s much recommended to drive during weekdays because there could be traffic jam on the way in which there.
Things to Explore
There are a lot of beautiful buildings in Kota Tua Jakarta. Each building has its own historical value and function. Some buildings remain actively used until today. Here are a few nice objects worth visiting :
Fatahillah Museum is the most famous object in Kota Tua Jakarta. This building is taken into account like the epicentrum of Kota Tua Jakarta. The building was built on 1707. Throughout the colonialism era, this building was used as City Hall of Batavia (Dutch : Stadhuis Batavia ).
Since abandoned from the Dutch in 1945 because of Indonesia’s declaration of Independence, the building had function changes for more than once. In 974, the govt of Indonesia has decided to make use of the building as Museum Sejarah Jakarta or Museum of Jakarta History. The museum is likewise referred to as Fatahilah Museum.
The building has similar form with Dam Castle in Amsterdam with thick Neo-Classical architecture of Europe. It includes eastern wing, western wing, a side building used as court and office, and likewise underground prison. This three-story building is about 1, 300 square meters wide.
In the front from the building would be a city square (Dutch : Stadhuisplei ) that was used as being place for execution throughout the colonialism era. This square is now famous from the name of “Taman Fatahilah”. In the center of the square, there‘s a fountain that worked as water supply throughout the colonialism era. Still at a similar square, There‘s also a Portuguese cannon and also a fico ornament.
Once the building works like a museum, you‘ll see many collections that represent the history of Jakarta since 1527. There will be artifacts coming from the era of Tarumanegara Empire and Pajajaran Empire, archaeological remnants found in Jakarta, antique furniture from 17th to 19th century, and even more. You may also visit the underground prison upon the basement.
The museum also offers several supporting facilities including a huge inner court that can be utilized for wedding reception or art performance, a cinema that shows documentaries about Jakarta and a few popular movies, library with about 1, 200 books collected, souvenir shop, and canteen. Fatahilah Museum opens every Tuesday to Sunday at 09. 00 to 15. 00. The museum closes every Monday and holidays.
2Museum of Wayang
Museum of Wayang is located on Jalan Pintu Besar 27 Jakarta. It was eventually built in 1640 and intended to become a church named De Oude Hollandsche Kerk (Old Church of Holland ). In 1732, the church was renovated and renamed as Nieuwe Hollandse Kerk (New Church of Holland ). But in 1808, the building collapsed because of a massive earthquake.
In 1975, the building was restored from the Indonesian government and reused to become Museum of Wayang, a standard art form to become performed from Indonesia. There are many kinds of wayang for example wayang kulit (wayang made from animal skin ), wayang golek (puppet wayang ), masks, dolls, and much more. At this museum, there will be greater than 5, 000 collections of wayang from all of the types. You may also see an entire group of gamelan, traditional Javanese music instruments designed to play the background music during a wayang performance.
Wayang performances are showcased regularly every month. The schedule can be as follows :
- Every Second Week : the performance of Wayang Golek
- Every Third Week : the performance of Wayang Kulit Betawi
- Every Fourth Week : the performance of Wayang Kulit Purwa
Museum of Wayang is open every Tuesday to Sunday at 09. 00 to 15. 00. The museum will close on Monday and holidays. To enter this museum, you have to buy entrance ticket for only IDR 2, 000 per person.There will be still several other objects which are interesting to visit upon the region of Kota Tua. We Might talk further about this on subsequent article. We Might also recommend several other activities to carry out at this fun place. Therefore, please take a look at our next article about Kota Tua Jakarta to obtain these informations.